Aesthetic Group Gymnastics (AGG) is a discipline of gymnastics developed from Finnish “Women’s Gymnastics” (naisvoimistelu). The discipline reminds of Rhythmic Gymnastics, but there are some significant differences: In AGG, the emphasis on big and continuous body movement and the teams are larger. AGG teams often consist of 6-10 gymnasts, and some children’s teams are even bigger. Furthermore, apparatus are not used in international AGG competitions as they are in Rhythmic Gymnastics where ball, ribbon, hoop and clubs are used on the floor area. The sport requires physical qualities such as flexibility, balance, speed, strength, coordination and sense of rhythm where movements of the body are emphasized in the flow, expressive and aesthetic appeal. A good performance is characterized by uniformity and simultaneity. The competition program consists of versatile and varied body movements, such as body waves and swings, balances and pivots, jumps and leaps, dance steps, and lifts.
The length of the competition program should be 2.15-2.45 minutes. The competition dress of a group must be a leotard with aesthetic appeal considering the spirit of competitive sport. The size of the competition area, which is a gymnastics carpet, is 13 m x 13 m. The area should be used diversely.
n AGG, the teams compete in the following age categories:
- Children category 8–10 years
- Children category 10–12 years
- Children category 12–14 years
- Junior category: 14–16 years
- Senior category: over 16 years
In addition, there is a University students category where the gymnasts should be 17 years and over. It is only junior and senior gymnasts that compete in A-category international competitions, such as the World Championships.
The jury is composed of three judge panels: the technical judge panel, the artistic judge panel, and the execution judge panel. The technical jury will assess whether the program has all the required technical elements, which in AGG depends on the age group of the gymnasts, but which generally consists of:
- Balances: e.g., static balances, dynamic balances (e.g., tourlent, illusions, pivots) and balance series
- Jumps and leaps: e.g., tuck jump, scissor leap, cossack jump, ring jump with both legs bent, stag leap
- Body movements: e.g., bending, body swing, body wave, contraction, lean/lunge, relaxation, twisting
- Arm movements
- Series of steps, skips or hops
- Acrobatic movements
- Flexibility movements: e.g., front line and sideline splits
- Combined series
The artistic jury evaluates the gymnasts’ quality, the structure of the composition, and the originality and expression of the composition. The executive jury makes deductions for mistakes they identify during the program. E.g., insufficient extensions, unfixed shapes in body movements, heavy landings in jumps, unfixed shapes in balances, and lack of synchronization. The highest total score is 20.00 points consisting of: Technical Value (TV) 6.0, Artistic Value (AV) 4.0, and Execution (EXE) 10.0.